motivation for data mining in social media
- December 6, 2020 -
However, what this article does offer is that identifying threats of crime using good data rather than police intuitions can in fact reduce bias in policing, that keeping considerations of bias in mind while developing such initiatives will ensure continual improvement, and that cities need to have conversations about perpetuating bias before deploying these kinds of initiatives. 1.2. , per Axios. For Cate, targeting indicators that have shown to correlate with likelihood of committing a crime—including certain phrases on social media—is an effective way of distributing police resources in an informed way. In fact, the American Civil Liberties Union of California discovered Dataminr helped track social media posts relating to protests in one case. Cate even proposed that governments create an institutional review board to assess their data collection efforts. While this intervention was relatively successful, shortly thereafter, police departments in Baltimore, Chicago, Fresno, CA and other cities received significant pushback for their social mining efforts. In a real-life example from a few years ago, a gas explosion in New York City’s East Village caused a massive blaze that killed two people and injured a couple dozen others. The analysis of the data revealed that almost all respondents used social media. Last month, Stephen Goldsmith and I wrote an article for CityLab detailing transparency requirements the city should consider. With specific reference to the mining and re-use of social media data, these guidelines prioritised privacy (4/4), differences between digital and conventional research (4/4), informed consent … One possible use case mentioned in the article says Dataminr could be used “to explore an individual’s past digital activity on social media and discover an individual’s interconnectivity and interactions with others on social media.” That’s one way to turn a movement like the Arab Spring, which relied heavily on social media sites like Twitter, into one long, deadly winter. Or remember the story that circulated in 2017 about how Microsoft founder Bill Gates regrets the “ctrl-alt-delete” function in Windows? If severe enough, a chill may constitute a violation of First Amendment protections and therefore be unconstitutional. And according to both Kortz and Cate, it is not only a question of whether and how governments collect social data, but also what they do once they have it. With respect to social media mining, Kortz emphasized that while individual social media posts might be public, monitoring an individual’s posts over a period of time may still violate privacy. in data warehouses and data marts. In many cases, these trends are the result of a long and complex history of prejudicial treatment in many walks of American life. On the other hand, Laird v. Tatum (1972) established that “Allegations of a subjective ‘chill’ are not an adequate substitute for a claim of specific present objective harm or a threat of specific future harm.” The final question about scope is whether or not the government has developed clear guidelines for its actions; if the government has institutionalized a process and limitations, the action is more likely to be acceptable. Social media posts are full of data that, when made accessible to governments, can make interventions quicker, more effective, and more representative. A policymaker might ask what happens if it turns out that using terms like #blacklivesmatter does indeed correlate with likelihood of committing a crime. Again, these questions about privacy protections around social media mining seem to lack any definitive legal answer. Was there any independence in the testing?” he said. But that doesn’t tell you the whole story. In the most recent iteration of Handschu in 2003, Judge Charles Haight ruled that there must be “information…which indicates the possibility of criminal activity” in order for the police to surveil specific groups. The first is the type of information gathered by government surveillance; gathering public information—like public social media posts—is traditionally permissible. However this data or information is used to upgrade the education system of the particular institution. I. As is the case with many innovations in public safety, governments need to balance the potential value of social media mining to prevent serious crimes with the civil rights of individual residents. As Olivier colorfully explained, “even though it’s not me that’s the yellow guy, your officers are going to treat whoever comes out of that house in his boxer shorts as the yellow guy.” Thinking that Olivier was potentially dangerous, officers could use excessive precaution and force, creating an unnecessarily tense situation. The Court chose to leave open the matter of whether monitoring residents en masse without any suspicion of a crime committed would violate reasonable expectation of privacy. In 2017, in a short series of investigative pieces between The Verge and MapLight, more details emerged about how Dataminr allegedly offered its services to foreign governments in ways that the more cynical of us might construe as surveillance of political dissidents. For Kortz, targeting terms like #blacklivesmatter is a paradigmatic example of racial profiling—identifying people as suspects based on their race. According to Kortz, this is a critical question for governments with social monitoring strategies. “The way people usually think about privacy is about use and not collection,” Cate agreed. 2.Data Integration: combine multiple data sources 3.Data Selection: select the part of the data that are relevant for the problem 4.Data Transformation: transform the data into a suitable format (e.g., a single table, by summary or aggregation operations) 5.Data Mining… Dataminr says its social media surveillance platform is used by more than 400 newsrooms. According to this article from TechCrunch, social media was much more effective than traditional polls in predicting the eventual outcome of the election. However, in Garcia, the Court left open the question of privacy protections for broader surveillance efforts. As long as people are willing to give away their data for free, there are plenty of companies out there willing to monetize it. The recent revelation of the Boston Police Department’s targeting of terms used by Muslim residents only strengthened this perceived connection. , that received undisclosed funding from In-Q-Tel, the CIA’s venture capital firm. Explaining what data went into the model and why to allow the public to identify potential bias from data tainted by historically discriminatory practices. As long as people are willing to give away their data for free, there are plenty of companies out there willing to monetize it. The software monitored keywords like “gun,” “fight,” and “shoot” to identify potential crimes and the city then sent patrol officers to investigate incidents. This Constitutional standard requires that the government action does not result in outcomes irrelevant to the stated goal and that it does accomplish the essential aspects of the goal. One study into the topic of data mining in social media … In a recent interview, Dataminr Chief Strategy Officer Peter Bailey (brother of founder and CEO Ted Bailey) said that the 300-person company aims to get its arms around even more big data to provide additional context to its breaking news alerts. scholars have argued that Facebook posts do not fall under this category. According to him, legal constraints are not the most compelling limitation when it comes to privacy. In addition, a couple years ago, The Intercept reported that Dataminr was one of a number of social mining companies, including a competitor called Geofeedia, that received undisclosed funding from In-Q-Tel, the CIA’s venture capital firm. Yet even without accessing back-end data, police departments can mine readily available information from user news feeds. Sharing the motivation for using an algorithm in order to provide residents a benchmark by which to evaluate results and allow them to assess intentions. Chris holds a bachelor’s degree from Hamilton College. Reminiscent of the recent Cambridge Analytica controversy, these law enforcement agencies partnered with third parties like GeoFeedia that gained access to backend data streams via APIs.
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