glossary higher education terminology
- December 6, 2020 -
Massive Open Online Course (MOOC): An online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. Each term is supported by an appropriate reference. For example, a science laboratory course is a co-requisite to the corresponding science lecture course. Further education. A college or university may have different tuition costs and admissions policies for residents versus nonresidents. Responsible Officer (RO): A Responsible Officer is the exchange program staff person who gathers and reports information on exchange visitors to the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) and assists in the visa process. Academic Benchmarks. High School students taking degree-credit work are included in the counts of all enrolled undergraduates. Unlike a major, a minor is typically not required, but it allows a student to take a few additional courses in a subject different from his or her major. Assessment.) dormitories: Housing facilities on the campus of a college or university reserved for students. Education is of relevance to everyone but it involves a specialised vocabulary and terminology which may be opaque or unfamiliar to those new to the field. Community colleges typically provide a transfer program, allowing students to transfer to a four-year school to complete their bachelor's degree, and a career program, which provides students with a vocational degree and direct entry to the workforce. For suggestions about additions or changes to the glossary, please contact us. and generally require a program of 60-62 college level credits. accreditation: Approval of colleges and universities by nationally recognized professional associations or regional accrediting bodies. Students who simply stop attending a course are NOT dropped from the course and will receive a failing grade. final exam: Often referred to as a “final,” a final exam is a cumulative exam on a particular course subject encompassing all material covered throughout the duration of the course. A selection of a student's work compiled over a period of time and used for assessing performance or progress within a course. Courses that students can choose to take for credit toward a degree, but are not required. registration: Process through which students select courses to be taken during a quarter, semester, or trimester. The college or university official who is responsible for registering students and keeping their official academic records, such as transcripts. Each concept forwards to related concept and most often includes a link to a more extensive explanation of the definition and the concept. Clear the box to return to the full glossary. seminar: A form of small group instruction, combining independent research and class discussions under the guidance of a professor. An official record of a student's coursework and grades at a high school, college, or university. The ACT is widely accepted at accredited two and four-year colleges and universities in the United States, and hundreds of institutions around the world. (See "postsecondary. postdoctorate: Studies designed for those who have completed their doctoral degree. Quality assurance reports. "). Tenure is granted to senior faculty members who have demonstrated a worthy research and publication record. Most General Education courses are taken during the freshman and sophomore years. The word comes from the akademeia just outside ancient Athens, where the gymnasium was made famous by Plato as a center of learning. The grounds and buildings where a college or university is located. To find a specific word or phrase, enter it in the search box below. Grade GPA. Separately, "college" can refer to an academic division of a university, such as College of Business. grade/grading system: The evaluation of a student's academic work. The RO's name is listed on the DS-2019. A grant does not have to be repaid. US Higher Education Glossary ・ｷABD(All But Dissertation) 窶・a title used to describe a doctoral candidate that has completed all their coursework and exam requirements, but still needs to … Academic governance deals with the framework that... B. Academic Affairs. Major courses represent 25-50% of the total number of courses required to complete a degree. special student: A student who is taking classes but is not enrolled in a degree program. Also known as “dorms” for short. A bachelor's degree is required before starting graduate studies. The plan should incorporate the objectives given in the student's “statement of purpose.”. For Parents, Families, and Caregivers. Registered in England and Wales with company number 03344784 A type of financial aid that consists of an amount of money given to a student, often by the federal or a state government, a company, a school, or a non-profit organization. EducationUSA is committed to promoting the diversity of U.S. higher education to help international students find their best fit. A division of a school/college, made up of faculty and support staff that gives instruction in a particular field of study, such as the history department. "College" is often used interchangeably with "university" and "school." Here is the updated list of innovation happening in education. authentication: Process of determining whether something is, in fact, what it is declared to be. "College" is often used interchangeably with "university" and "school." Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): An English language proficiency examination of applicants whose native language is not English. Dual Enrollment; Dual-Language Education; Dual-Language Instruction – see Dual-Language Education. A qualifying examination may be oral or written, or both, and must be passed for the student to continue. financial aid: A general term that includes all types of money, loans, and work/study programs offered to a student to help pay tuition, fees, and living expenses. fraternities: Male social, academic, and philanthropic organizations found on many U.S. campuses. placement test: An examination used to test a student's academic ability in a certain field so that he or she may be placed in the appropriate courses in that field. teaching assistant (TA): A graduate student who acts as an instructor for an undergraduate course in his or her field, in return for some form of financial aid from the university. Absolute Grading. living expenses: Expenses such as housing and meals, books and supplies, transportation, personal expenses, health insurance, etc. In addition to traditional course materials, such as filmed lectures, readings, and problem sets, many MOOCs provide interactive courses with user forums or social media discussions to support community interactions among students, professors, and teaching assistants (TAs), as well as immediate feedback to quick quizzes and assignments. Social Security Number (SSN): A number issued to people by the U.S. government for payroll deductions. terminal program: Associate degree program leading to a specific career upon graduation. high school: The U.S. term for secondary school. Course … To take a class to gain knowledge about a subject, but without receiving credit toward a degree. Periods of study, which can include semesters, quarters, trimesters, or summer sessions. coed: A college or university that admits both men and women; also refers to a dormitory that houses both men and women. tenure: A guarantee that a faculty member will remain employed by a college or university until retirement except in the case of very unusual circumstances. The charter may Graduate Record Examination (GRE): A standardized test of verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and analytical writing that measures readiness for graduate-level study. Education Glossary Terms. – Curricular and cocurricular programming of the quality and rigor for the degree level that prepares students to think critically and function successfully. Not all courses have midterm exams. This information is used by the Missouri Department of Higher Education (DHE) to create various student success reports. Distributed Leadership – see Shared Leadership. Faculty members may include professors, associate professors, assistant professors, and instructors. The Glossary of terms is continually being reviewed and extended to include new terms and phrases. Learn more here. It is part of the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) managed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Law School Admission Test (LSAT): A standardized test that provides a standard measure of acquired reading and verbal reasoning skills that law schools can use as one of several factors in assessing applicants. honors program: A challenging program for students with high grades. fellow Senior member of the academic staff of a college or university. Glossary may contribute to productive reflection within national education systems, as well as regional and international contexts, on the role of curriculum terminology in promoting meaningful improvements. Types of review. Its purpose is to preserve academic freedom. The MedEdWorld Glossary is a dynamic database that is a source of information about the expanding vocabulary used in medical education. (Gen Eds.) The following terms and definitions are often associated with and provide a common, working language for ADL’s educational anti-bias programs and resources. Accreditation is divided into two types - institutional and specialized. https://fafsa.ed.gov/. Don Tapscott was the first to use the term to describe information technology and business in his book of the same title. To progress to senior level status, a student must earn a minimum number of credits. Application used by U.S. citizens and permanent residents to apply for financial aid from U.S. federal and state governments. Glossary of Terms August 14, 2017 3 Admissions Action or Acceptance Status Action taken by the institution in response to the student’s application for admission. e-Portfolio – see Portfolio Medical College Admission Test (MCAT): A standardized, multiple-choice examination designed to assess problem solving, critical thinking, writing skills, and knowledge of science concepts and principles prerequisite to the study of medicine. The number of credits typically reflects the number of classroom hours per week. For instance, students who transfer from a community college to a four-year college may have earned some transfer credit. Credit can vary from 1-12 or more credits. Each school defines the total number and types of credits necessary for degree completion, with every course being assigned a value in terms of "credits”. More about Career and Technical Education. A course that must be taken during the same term as another course. senior: A fourth-year student at a secondary school, college, or university. A type of financial aid that consists of an amount of money that is given to someone for a period of time, with an agreement that it will be repaid later with interest accumulating. ECApedia's glossary brings together the common terminology of higher education and its definitions. Ability Grouping. RAs are usually students at the college who receive free accommodation and other benefits in return for their services. honors program: A challenging program for students with high grades. fellowship: A form of financial assistance, usually awarded to a graduate student. To progress to senior level status, a student must have earned a minimum number of college credits. Veterans may be required to submit military transcripts (JST, DD214, etc.) Technology is often used to address different issues and needs in education. Students should demonstrate their academic ability through oral and written examinations and original research presented in the form of a dissertation. The ACT is widely accepted at accredited two and four-year colleges and universities in the United States, and hundreds of institutions around the world. Short for General Certificate of Secondary Education, GCSEs are studied between the ages of 14-16 years and are assessed by formal exams. doctoral degree (Ph.D.): The highest academic degree conferred by a university to students who have completed graduate study beyond the bachelor's and/or master's degree. field trip Trip that students go on as part of their studies. grade point average (GPA): The combined average of a student's grades for all academic coursework completed.In the United States, grades are usually assigned in letters and are based on a 4.0 GPA scale. An exam used to test a student's academic ability so that he or she may be placed in the appropriate courses in that field (e.g., foreign languages). college catalog: An official publication giving information about a university's academic programs, facilities, entrance requirements, and student life. scholarship: A study grant of financial aid, usually given at the undergraduate level, that may take the form of a waiver of tuition and/or fees. The academic year may be divided into semesters, trimesters, quarters, or other calendars. To register or enter a school or course as a student. maintenance: Refers to the expenses of attending a university, including room (living quarters) and board (meals), books, clothing, laundry, local transportation, and incidentals. SAT subject test: A multiple-choice test that measures your knowledge in specific subject areas. The process in which students choose and enroll in courses to be taken during the academic year or in summer sessions. accreditation. major: The student's field of concentration. To progress to sophomore level status, a student must have earned a minimum number of college credits. Optional Practical Training (OPT): Optional practical training is one type of work permission available for eligible F-1 students. graduate: A student who has completed a course of study, either at secondary school or college level. In order to be considered for the Dean’s List, a student must attempt at least 12 semester hours of course work each semester other than on a Pass/Fail or Credit/No Credit basis. Generally, no service is required of the student in return. A typical dormitory would include student rooms, bathrooms, common rooms, and possibly a cafeteria. An organization created for a specific purpose, usually for research, that may be located on a college or university's campus. Tuition generally does not include the cost of textbooks, room and board, and other fees. A student in the first year of high school or college/university. Higher education: Any type of education that takes place after high school, or secondary school. 1001) within 16 months of graduation. ), Bachelor of Science (B.S. The academic advisor works with students on their academic progress, course selection, career and major options, and navigating the academic process at High Point University. Your DSO's name will be listed on your I-20 or DS 2019. dissertation: Thesis written on an original topic of research, usually presented as one of the final requirements for a doctoral degree (Ph.D.). ), Master of Science (M.S. An undergraduate degree awarded by a college or university upon successful completion of a program of study, usually requiring two years or the equivalent) of full-time study. class rank: A number or ratio indicating a student's academic standing in his or her graduating class. Typically, students must earn a bachelor’s degree in order to be considered for graduate school. Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT): A standardized test for MBA applicants that measures basic verbal, mathematical, and analytical writing skills that have been developed over a long period of time through education and work. (Univ CBM00B) Advanced Placement Program (AP) A national program of standardized high school courses by which high school students can earn college credit(s) at most institutions of higher education. faculty: People who teach courses at U.S. colleges and universities. (Please note that an updated SAT made its debut in March 2016 and impacts students in the class of 2017 and younger.). accreditation agency– A nongovernmental body established to administer accrediting procedures. semester: Period of study lasting approximately 15 to 16 weeks or one-half the academic year. assistantship: A study grant of financial assistance to a graduate student that is offered in return for certain services in teaching or laboratory supervision as a teaching assistant, or for services in research as a research assistant. A status or period of time in which students with low GPAs, or whose academic work is unsatisfactory according to school standards, must improve their performance. EMSAS Term Registration; a flat file showing individual student record data at the end of each term, focusing on term credit hours awarded. ECFVG: Educational Commission for Foreign Veterinary Graduates. course: Regularly scheduled class sessions of one to five hours (or more) per week during a term. A score or mark indicating a student's academic performance on an exam, paper, or in a course. To withdraw from a course. A typical bachelor’s degree requires 120-135 college level credits. The major professor serves as the head of a committee of faculty members who review progress and results. Reviewing Higher Education. Learn more here. The reading or research assignment is usually designed by the students themselves with the help of a faculty member, who monitors the progress. An amount of money charged by a school per term, per course, or per credit, in exchange for instruction and training. Students who decide to pursue a minor will usually complete about five courses in this second field of study. core course: Courses that provide the foundation of the degree program and are required of all students seeking that degree. A student’s age has no bearing on being classified as a “freshman.” To progress to sophomore status, a student must achieve a minimum number of credits. residency: Clinical training in a chosen specialty. liberal arts and sciences: Academic studies of subjects in the humanities, the social sciences, and the physical sciences with the goal of developing students' verbal, written, and reasoning skills. A diploma or title awarded to students by a college or university after successful completion of a program of study. Often lasting just a few months, certificate programs are shorter than two-year associate or four-year bachelor’s degree programs and usually allow students to enter the workforce much more quickly. There is NO COST to apply for financial aid using the FAFSA. 105-244, 20 U.S.C. ), Master of Fine Arts (M.F.A. degree: Diploma or title conferred by a college, university, or professional school upon completion of a prescribed program of studies. Therefore, I did not put together the typical list of terms you might find in your teacher training program. Class rank may also be expressed in percentiles (for example, the top 25 percent, the lower 50 percent). postgraduate: Usually refers to studies for individuals who have completed a graduate degree. transfer: The process of moving from one university to another to complete a degree. Terms starting with E. E-Learning. For Students. fees: An amount charged by universities, in addition to tuition, to cover costs of institutional services. Some professional programs (e.g., nursing, business, and engineering) may also be accredited. midterm exam: An exam administered after half the academic term has passed that covers all class material up until that point. A “process of external quality review created and used by higher education to scrutinize colleges, universities and programs for quality improvement” (Eaton, 2011, p. 3). Academic studies of subjects in the humanities, social/behavioral sciences, and the natural sciences, with a focus on general knowledge, in contrast to a professional or technical emphasis.